Christian women, Complementarianism, Ministry, Sin

Throwback Thursday ~ Women Preaching: It’s Not a Secondary Doctrinal Issue

Originally published August 3, 2018

When it comes to Christianity, are the specifics of what people believe important?

I think most of us would answer a resounding “yes” to that question. Of course, the various concepts we believe are important. You can’t just believe anything you like and still be a Christian. There are certain things you must believe in order to become a Christian at all, and there are certain things you will come to believe because you are a genuinely regenerated Christian. But what are those things, and how do we know which is which?

Maybe you’ve heard the terms “essential doctrines” or “primary, secondary, and tertiary theological issues” or “first, second, and third tier levels of doctrine”? For years, theologians have been attempting to organize beliefs of the Christian faith – all drawn from the Bible, naturally – into nice neat categories in order to make things a little simpler. As someone who thrives on organization and categories, I’m grateful for their efforts. But if you begin to study this categorization of beliefs, you’ll find that we haven’t reached an across the board consensus yet.

Generally speaking, “essential”, “primary”, or “first tier” doctrines are those which you, biblically, have to believe in order to become a Christian and/or be considered a Christian. For example:

✢ Sin is a thing, and I am a sinner.

✢ God exists and is the supreme authority of the universe.

✢ Jesus was God in human flesh.

✢ Jesus rose bodily from the grave.

See how this works? If you don’t believe you’re a sinner, you’re not saved. If you don’t believe in the bodily resurrection of Christ, you’re not saved. Here’s how our friend, Pastor Gabe, briefly outlines essential doctrines:


(Gabe later tweaked the acrostic a little and added an “S”, which I think is helpful.)

The vast majority of brand new Christians have only the most basic understanding of most of these tenets at the moment of salvation. But it’s not an issue of fully understanding – or else we’d all have to be theologians in order to get saved – it’s an issue of believing. Someone who is genuinely regenerated may not completely understand how the Trinity works (honestly, no one does), but when she’s introduced to the biblical idea of the Trinity, she believes it, learns more about it, and does not reject it.

There is typically agreement among most reputable theologians regarding what constitutes first tier doctrine. Scripture is clear about these things, and several of these issues were settled long ago by the church fathers in assorted church councils (Nicea, Chalcedon, etc.)

Secondary issues are routinely defined as non-salvific but still extremely biblically important, if not quite as biblically clear-cut as primary issues. Doctrines surrounding baptism (credo versus paedo, affusion versus immersion), for example, are usually cited as a secondary issue. A disagreement on a secondary issue doesn’t mean one person is saved and another isn’t, but it normally prevents close partnership in ministry activities involving these issues. For example, my Presbyterian friends and I can join together in pro-life ministry, but we would most likely not plant a church together.

Tertiary issues are non-salvific, less immediately urgent, biblical issues in which the Bible is even less clear-cut and open to wider (yet still biblical) interpretation. These are issues over which Christians can disagree and still maintain close doctrinal fellowship, even in the same church, if they’re in agreement on first and second tier doctrine. Eschatology – the order and timing of events at Jesus’ second coming – is a doctrine that’s often considered third tier. Someone can hold a different eschatological view than mine, yet it doesn’t affect our ability to worship together, work together, or participate in the ordinances together in the same church.

Some theologians add a fourth category – issues of adiaphora, conscience, or Christian liberty. Usually these are issues of much less importance that the Bible either doesn’t specifically address, or doesn’t give commands about one way or the other. Individual Christians may use biblical principles to inform their consciences and decide for themselves. These would be things like whether or not to take your child trick-or-treating or deciding whether to dress formally or casually for church.

While theologians are largely in agreement about primary doctrines, there is wider spread disagreement on which doctrines are secondary and tertiary (many consider eschatology to be a second tier doctrine, for example) and whether or not there is a need for a category of adiaphora, since such issues are normally not considered to be “doctrinal” issues. In fact, there’s enough space for disagreement that pastors and theologians often wisely refrain from making concrete lists of secondary and tertiary doctrines.

But when we’re talking about the different levels of doctrine, what you won’t find is questions like these: Is murder a first, second, or third tier doctrine? What about gossip? Rape? Adultery? Lying? Gluttony? Pride?

And it’s not because these issues aren’t important or because the Bible doesn’t address them. It’s because they’re in a different category from the other issues: the category of sin. They aren’t doctrines upon which salvation hinges, they aren’t open to interpretation, and the Bible is clear that we are absolutely not to do these things.

In 2005, Dr. Albert Mohler wrote an excellent article about the different levels of doctrine entitled A Call for Theological Triage and Christian Maturity. He carefully explains the importance of each level of doctrine and what it covers in a plea to keep each level’s urgency in its proper place of significance during discussion, debate, and decision-making.

It was a helpful article to which I always refer people who have questions about tiers of doctrine, and I agree with Dr. Mohler’s thoughts wholeheartedly (as I usually do) …except on one point:

“In recent years, the issue of women serving as pastors has emerged as another second-order issue.”

Women serving as pastors, women preaching, women teaching men Scripture in the church, and women exercising authority over men in the church is not a secondary issue. Nor is it a primary or tertiary one. It does not belong in the category of “doctrine” in the same way baptism and eschatology do. It belongs in the category of sin in the same way murder, gossip, and adultery do. Let’s take a look at the reasons for this.

I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet. 1 Timothy 2:12

(The preponderance of Scripture supports and affirms this concept, so to keep things simple, we’ll use this verse as an exemplar.)

✢ The prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12 is a clear command against a certain behavior. And when we behave in a way God has prohibited, that is called “sin”. All of the tenets in the three levels of doctrine are affirmative statements regarding beliefs (you must believe in the resurrection of Christ, we believe in baptism by immersion, etc.). None of them are commands, in the negative, against sinful behavior (Thou shalt not murder, I do not permit a woman to teach… etc.)

✢ Secondary and tertiary doctrines can be open – to varying degrees – to biblical interpretation. Every stripe of non-heretical eschatological thought can provide you with chapter and verse passages that can, depending on the angle from which you approach the subject, be biblically plausible and scripturally supported. There is no biblical support for anything God prohibits. No one can cite a properly handled, in context Bible verse in which God says, “It’s OK to commit adultery,” or “Women are allowed to preach.” There can be multiple views on a secondary or tertiary issue that can all be considered biblical, but there can only be one view of sin that is biblical.

✢ Differing beliefs on true secondary and tertiary issues are not sin. My Presbyterian friends have a different view of baptism than I do. That doesn’t mean either of us is sinning. I may think their interpretations of the verses they believe support paedo baptism are incorrect, but they are not breaking any of God’s commands. Differing behavior (again, we see the distinction between doctrinal belief and sinful behavior) on issues of sin is sin. If someone behaves differently from God’s command about lying, she is sinning. If a woman behaves differently from God’s command in 1 Timothy 2:12, she is sinning.

✢ Differing beliefs on secondary and tertiary issues are not born of disobedience and rebellion toward God. Usually, it’s quite the opposite. When someone has studied a theological issue enough to hold a particular position on it, it’s usually because she is striving to please God and to be biblical in her beliefs. Differing behavior on issues of sin is born out of disobedience and rebellion toward God. Someone who steals has already decided in her heart that her desires are better than God’s command. A woman who knowingly holds improper authority over men in her church is doing so because she has already decided to defy God’s clear command against such.

✢ Because different beliefs on secondary and tertiary issues are not born of rebellion and are not sin, they do not require church discipline. Sin does require church discipline. If someone in your church is openly dishonoring her parents, she is sinning and should be subject to church discipline. If a woman is pursuing a career as a pastor, she is sinning and should be subject to church discipline. 

Since the publication of Dr. Mohler’s article (and perhaps as a result of others teaching the same thing) the idea of the violation of 1 Timothy 2:12 being a “secondary doctrine” has spread in a most unhelpful way, leading many Christians to treat the issue in a c’est la vie, “We can just agree to disagree on this,” manner.

No, we cannot.

We would not say, “We can agree to disagree,” on lying or adultery or homosexuality or abortion, and we cannot say it about women preaching, teaching men, or holding unbiblical authority, either. We disciple and teach a sister in Christ who is unaware of what the Bible says on these matters, and if she is committing any of these sins, we begin the process of church discipline. But it would not be loving toward her, or honoring God, to allow her to continue in biblical ignorance or in willful sin.

Furthermore, the violation of 1 Timothy 2:12 brings with it dangers to the church that true secondary and tertiary issues, and even many sins, do not.

I have mentioned several times when dealing with this issue that women preaching to men is highly correlated with women teaching false doctrine. I have researched scores of women teachers. Every single one of them who unrepentantly teaches men also teaches false doctrine in some other aspect of her theology (usually Word of Faith or New Apostolic Reformation). In other words, if a woman teaches men, you can just about take it to the bank that she also teaches false doctrine. False doctrine and heresy are infecting the church – via female preachers – at an alarming rate.

We dare not simply “agree to disagree” on this.

The violation of God’s command that women are not to instruct men in the Scriptures nor hold improper authority over men is a sin like any other. It is not a doctrinal issue in the same sense that other second and third tier doctrines are. If left undisciplined, however, it can lead to first tier doctrinal issues infiltrating a church and eventually destroying it. It is detrimental to the church to label and treat any sin as a secondary doctrinal issue.

8 thoughts on “Throwback Thursday ~ Women Preaching: It’s Not a Secondary Doctrinal Issue”

  1. Michelle,

    It’s encouraging that you’re bringing the truth to this matter. I wish prominent pastors would preach on this issue. And I mean an all out series on it, and post it on their ministry websites.

    Thabiti Anyabwile
    Alistair Begg
    H.B. Charles Jr.
    Anthony Carter
    Mark Fever
    Wayne Grudem
    John MacArthur (he’s done it, but we need more of it)
    John Piper
    Paul Washer
    Tony Evans
    Charles Stanley
    Andy Stanley
    Voddie Baucham

    Thanks Michelle. Great work. I pray the church wakes up.

    I’ve read some disturbing things in recent times:

    Candice Benbow praises the artist Lizzo because they both grew up COGIC stating in a blog that Lizzo “with every twerk and total praise, she shows us that we don’t have to wait for these institutions and ideologies to catch up to us.”

    God help us!


    1. Hi Devon-

      Thank you so much for your kind words of encouragement. I totally agree that it would be great to hear more preaching on this subject. But to be honest, you’re probably not going to hear it from some of the pastors you mentioned:

      Thabiti Anyabwile is totally fine with Beth Moore who not only preaches to men but is a false teacher too:

      John Piper frequently speaks at conferences like Catalyst right alongside women (including Beth Moore, Christine Caine, and Priscilla Shirer, all of whom habitually preach to men and are false teachers) who are preaching to the same co-ed audience he’s preaching to.

      Tony Evans is Priscilla Shirer’s father. She preaches to men all the time, and he has also had women preach in his church.

      Charles Stanley is OK with women being pastors:

      Andy Stanley allows women to preach (and just about every other unbiblical thing you could imagine) at his “church”

      I’m afraid I don’t know who Candice Benbow is, and the only thing I know about Lizzo is that she is a singer.


  2. How do I leave a church that out of the blue had a “sermon” by a woman from the congregation last Sunday via zoom (our services due to virus) ? I am devasted but I don’t know what to od. My husband and I are members and we both agree that women preaching is a heresy against Bible. I want to leave but I don’t want to voice my opinion as I know (from reading your comments and other research) that I will stir major trouble for myself. Any advice how we should handle this? I want to leave immediately but I don’t think my husband does as he has made friends with the clergy and others. Please help me, I am isolated with this virus, not working, no family or friends and have literally no one to discuss this with except of course for prayer and the counsel of the Holy Spirit of God. Thank you.


    1. Hi Daniele-

      I’m so sorry this happened at your church. If your church is otherwise doctrinally sound and this is the only problem that has come up, here is what I would advise:

      –Pray. Pray for your church and your pastor/elders. Pray for wisdom for your husband to lead you well. Pray that God will carry you through this trial and help you respond to it in a godly way.

      –Pray and discuss the issue together with your husband. Don’t nag or pressure him. He is the one who will have to answer to God for the way he leads your family.

      –Remember (I have to remind myself of this all the time!) that your husband is a different person from you. God created him that way. Just because he might take a bit of a slower and more measured approach to this situation than you would doesn’t mean he’s handling it the wrong way. If he’s generally proven himself to be a good spiritual leader, trust him and follow his lead. (And keep praying for him. God is big enough to handle your husband.)

      –Nobody wants the personal hassle and heartache that “stirring up trouble” brings – believe me, I’ve been there and know all about it. But when it comes to doing what’s right and biblical, our personal comfort can’t be a factor. We have to do what’s right no matter the cost. Now there may be other reasons why it might not be prudent for you to be the one to confront this issue, but “it makes me uncomfortable” needs to be off the table as a reason for not addressing the issue.

      –I would strongly encourage you and your husband not to just leave without addressing this issue with your pastor/elders. Your husband (or the two of you) should make an appointment with the pastor/elders and talk to them about this and why it’s unbiblical. Perhaps God has been convicting them that this was wrong and the two of you coming to talk to them would help confirm to them that they need to repent. Or, perhaps this is the new and unbiblical direction they’ve decided to lead the church. At least you would know for sure so you can make an informed decision about leaving.

      –Here are a few resources that may help:

      The Mailbag: How should I approach my church leaders about a false teacher they’re introducing? (The principles here are basically the same whether it’s a false teacher or a woman preaching.)

      The Mailbag: How to Leave a Church

      Searching for a new church?

      I hope this helps. :0)


      1. Michelle, thank you so much. What a huge blessing it is to hear wise and biblical counsel. I really appreciate it. Finding your site was an answer to prayer in these dark, isolating days.


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